Batangas: Close to Two Million Persons

Reference Number: 

2002-118

Release Date: 

Monday, September 2, 2002

 

 

Population to double in 23 years

The population of Batangas, as of May 1, 2000, was 1,905,348 persons. This was up by 246,781 persons as compared to 1,658,567 persons recorded in the 1995 Census of Population.

The highest annual population growth rate registered for Batangas since 1903 was during the intercensal period 1960 to 1970 at an annual population growth rate of 3.05 percent, slightly higher than the annual population growth rate recorded during the 1995 to 2000 period (3.02 percent). If the current growth rate continues, the population of Batangas was expected to reach four million in 23 years.

In 2000, the number of households was 374,767, resulting to an average household size of 5.08 persons. This was higher than the national average of five persons and lower than that of the 1995 (5.20 persons).

Batangas, the third biggest province in Southern Tagalog Region in terms of population

Batangas ranked third in terms of population size among the 11 provinces in Southern Tagalog, contributing 16.16 percent to the 11.8 million population of the region. At the national level, the province shared 2.49 percent to the total population of 76.5 million as recorded in the 2000 Census of Population and Housing.

Batangas City, the provincial capital, the biggest in terms of population

Of the 34 municipalities comprising Batangas, Batangas City, the provincial capital, was the biggest in terms of population. This registered a population of 247,588 persons or 12.99 percent of the total provincial population. It was followed by Lipa City (11.46 percent) and Tanauan (6.17 percent). Balete and Sta. Teresita had the smallest population with 0.83 percent and 0.74 percent of the total population, respectively.

Median age of 22 years

Batangas had a median age of 22 years, slightly lower than 1995 median age of 21 years. This meant that in 2000, half of the population were below 22 years old.

Sex ratio recorded at 101.21

Males outnumbered their female counterparts with a sex ratio of 101.21 males for every 100 females.

Dependency ratio down to 66

The percentage of the total population belonging to age group 0 to 14 years was 35.39 percent. The oldest group (65 years and over) accounted for 4.50 percent, while 60.11 percent were in 15 to 64 year age group (economically active population).

The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 66.35. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 66 dependents (59 persons aged 0 to 14 years - young dependents; and seven persons aged 65 years and over - old dependents). In 1995, the dependency ratio was recorded at 69.

More than half of the voting age population were women

There were 1,112,697 persons or 58.40 percent of the total population belonging to the voting age population. Among them, the proportion of females (50.30 percent) was higher than the males (49.70 percent).

More than half of female population were in the childbearing age group

Out of 946,937 females, 484,446 or 51.16 percent belonged to childbearing or reproductive age group (15 to 49 years). The highest percentage of which, was that of the 15 to 19 year age group (20.20 percent).

Females dominated higher levels of education

About 42 percent of the household population aged five years old and over in Batangas had attended or completed elementary education; 29.68 percent, high school; 9.09 percent were college undergraduates; 5.34 percent, academic degree holders; and only 0.17 percent with post baccalaureate courses. On the other hand, the proportion of children 5 to 6 years old who had completed pre-school and were likely to become Grade I students in the next school year was 2.02 percent.

There were more males than females who had attended or finished elementary, high school and post secondary education. On the other hand, those who were college undergraduates, had college degree and with post baccalaureate courses were predominantly females.

Nine Tagalogs out of 10

Majority (96.73 percent) of the household population in Batangas classified themselves as Tagalog. The remaining 3.26 percent were either Bicol, Bisaya/Binisaya, Cebuano or belonged to other ethnic groups.

Married persons outnumbered single persons

Of the total population 10 years old and over in Batangas, a higher proportion of married persons (46.23 percent) was reported as compared to single persons (44.55 percent). The remaining 9.22 percent were either widowed, divorced/separated, with other arrangements, or with unknown marital status.

About 48 percent of the households used strong materials for their houses

Majority of the households in Batangas used galvanized iron/aluminum (86.23 percent) and a small percentage still used cogon/nipa/anahaw (5.20 percent) as roof of their houses. As to the construction material of the outer walls, almost half of the occupied housing units had walls made of concrete/brick/stone (49 percent), and 24.07 percent made of half concrete/brick/stone and half wood.

Of the total occupied housing units, 47.65 percent had roof made up of galvanized iron/aluminum and walls made of concrete/brick/stone.

 

BATANGAS

Batangas is said to be the home of "thinkers and nationalist" people such as, Miguel Malvar, eminent political thinker Apolinario Mabini, Diplomat Felipe Agoncillo, nationalist politicians Jose P. Laurel, and Senator Claro M. Recto. They were some of the prominent and influential people from Batangas.

Batangas was bounded on the north by the province of Cavite, on the east by the provinces of Laguna and Quezon, on the west by South China Sea and on the south by the Verde Island Passage. The beautiful enchanting Lake Bombon lies at the very heart of Batangas and within its bosom lies the restless Taal Volcano.

The province is dry from November until April and is wet the rest of the year. Typhoons occasionally visit during the rainy months.

HISTORICAL HIGHLIGHTS

Batangas, the islands of Mindoro, and Marinduque were founded in 1581 and originally known as Bombon, Balayan or Comintan.

17th century - both Mindoro and Mariduque were separated from Batangas and formed into a separate province.

1754 - Batangas City became the capital and acquired the name of its province.

1716 and 1754 - Taal erupted and destroyed a number of towns around the lake.

19th century - the cultivation of crops like sugar and coffee propelled the province's economic growth.

Source: Website of League of Provinces of the Philippines (www.leagueofprovinces.org.ph)

 

 

 

(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

 

Table1. Total Population Distribution of Top 15 Municipalities by Sex: Batangas, 2000

Municipalities Total Population Percent Male Female
Batangas 1,905,348 100.00 958,411 946,937
     Batangas City 247,588 12.99 123,740 123,848
     Lipa City 218,447 11.46 109,938 108,509
      Tanauan 117,539 6.17 58,488 59,051
     Nasugbu 96,113 5.04 48,602 47,511
     Rosario 86,110 4.52 43,426 42,684
     Sto. Tomas 80,393 4.22 39,974 40,419
     San Juan 78,169 4.10 39,425 38,744
     Bauan 72,604 3.81 36,246 36,358
     Balayan 67,170 3.53 33,844 33,326
     Lemery 66,528 3.49 33,375 33,153
     Calaca 58,489 3.07 29,440 29,049
     San Jose9; 51,965 2.73 26,510 25,455
     San Pascual 49,041 2.57 24,668 24,373
     Calatagan 45,068 2.37 23,141 21,927
     Taal 43,455 2.28 21,486 21,969

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Batangas, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Batangas 1,905,348 958,411 946,937 101.21
     Under 1 48,335 25,054 23,281 107.62
     1 to 4 189,629 97,350 92,279 105.50
     5 to 9 228,814 117,085 111,729 104.79
     10 to 14 207,448 105,857 101,591 104.20
     15 to 19 197,790 99,954 97,836 102.16
     20 to 24 182,522 92,639 89,883 103.07
     25 to 29 157,179 80,256 76,923 104.33
     30 to 34 142,057 72,436 69,621 104.04
     35 to 39 119,042 61,076 57,966 105.37
     40 to 44 102,463 52,099 50,364 103.44
     45 to 49 84,741 42,888 41,853 102.47
     50 to 54 69,406 33,832 35,574 95.10
     55 to 59 48,871 23,387 25,484 91.77
     60 to 64 41,327 18,939 22,388 84.59
     65 to 69 31,094 13,722 17,372 78.99
     70 to 74 21,810 9,297 12,513 74.30
     75 to 79 15,459 6,184 9,275 66.67
     80 & Over 17,361 6,356 11,005 57.76

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Batangas, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Batangas 1,664,347 833,816 830,531
     No Grade Completed 70,316 34,782 35,534
     Pre-School 40,675 20,446 20,229
     Elementary 696,386 353,013 343,373
     High School 493,982 253,898 240,084
     Post Secondary 84,814 46,072 38,742
     College Undergraduate 151,252 72,978 78,274
      Academic Degree Holder 88,806 34,137 54,669
     Post Baccalaureate 2,825 928 1,897
     Not Stated 35,291 17,562 17,729

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 4. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Batangas, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Yrs Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Batangas 1,438,570 640,888 665,103 64,235 14,332 40,123 13,889
     Below 20 405,238 383,967 10,426 319 310 3,475 6,741
     20 - 24 182,522 123,972 48,505 358 841 6,371 2,475
     25 - 29 157,179 58,744 88,413 634 1,569 6,336 1,483
     30 - 34 142,057 27,014 104,802 1,241 2,120 5,998 882
     35 - 39 119,042 14,078 95,139 1,990 2,258 5,101 476
     40 - 44 102,463 8,426 84,137 3,176 2,078 4,241 405
     45 - 49 84,741 6,051 69,142 4,377 1,826 3,045 300
     50  54 69,406 5,084 54,594 6,062 1,311 2,112 243
     55 - 59 48,871 3,438 36,819 6,377 804 1,265 168
     60 - 64 41,327 2,984 28,877 7,909 518 874 165
     65 - 69 31,094 2,360 19,734 7,966 351 536 147
     70 - 74 21,810 1,732 11,898 7,532 152 368 128
     75 - 79 15,459 1,396 7,123 6,568 99 188 85
     80 & Over 17,361 1,642 5,494 9,726 95 213 191

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 5. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Batangas, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Batangas 1,902,241 956,185 946,056
     Tagalog 1,840,076 924,918 915,158
     Bikol/Bicol 11,661 6,022 5,639
     Bisaya/Binisaya 10,487 5,285 5,202
     Cebuano 3,951 1,876 2,075
     Hiligaynon/Ilonggo 3,895 1,977 1,918
     Others 21,196 10,653 10,543
     Other Foreign Ethnicity 355 232 123
     Not Reported 10,620 5,222 5,398

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

Table 6. Total Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of the Outer Walls and Roof: Batangas, 2000

CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS
Total
Occupied
Housing
Units
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF
Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum
Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile
Half
Galvanized,
Iron/Half
Concrete
Wood Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw
Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials
Asbestos/
Others
Not Reported
Batangas 368,584 317,824 2,194 18,205 4,343 19,178 1,499 823 4,518
     Concrete/Brick/Stone 180,608 175,618 1,608 2,429 150 638 59 106 -
     Wood 35,048 29,168 147 1,107 2,757 1,704 95 70 -
     Half Concrete/Brick/
        Stone and Half
        Wood
88,719 73,260 344 13,007 598 1,317 99 94 -
     Galvanized Iron/
        Aluminum
3,066 2,557 27 344 47 79 7 5 -
     Bamboo/Sawali/
        Cogon/Nipa
50,068 32,954 - 1,123 728 14,933 218 107 5
     Asbestos 274 232 21 9 1 - - 11 -
     Glass 110 96 6 6 1 - - 1 -
     Makeshift/Salvaged/
        Improvised
        Materials
2,975 1,562 - 50 17 330 1,002 14 -
     Others/Not Reported 7,465 2,183 22 125 32 166 12 413 4,512
      No Walls 251 194 19 5 12 11 7 2 1

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

 

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No. 591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

 






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