Cebu: The Second Most Populated Province in the Philippines

Reference Number: 

2002-157

Release Date: 

Monday, September 23, 2002

 

Population growth rate at 3.07 percent

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) results showed that Cebu with a total population of 2,377,588 persons was the second most populated province in the Philippines, next to the province of Pangasinan. It registered an increase of 313,487 persons from the population recorded five years ago. This was translated to an average annual growth rate of 3.07 percent, higher than that of the 1990 to 1995 period (2.01 percent).

The number of households also rose to 473,559 in 2000, from 407,259 households in 1995. This gave an average household size of five persons, lower than 5.05 persons recorded in 1995.

Cebu was the most populated province in Central Visayas

Cebu topped the four provinces (Cebu, Bohol, Negros Oriental and Siquijor) and two highly urbanized cities (Cebu City and Mandaue City) in Central Visayas Region in terms of population size. It contributed 41.7 percent to the 5.7 million population in the region. At the national level, Cebu shared 3.1 percent to the total population of 76.5 million.

Lapu-Lapu City, contributed 9.13 percent to the total population

Among the 48 municipalities and three cities in Cebu (excluding the two highly urbanized cities; namely Cebu City and Mandaue City), Lapu-Lapu City was the largest in terms of population size with 217,019 persons or 9.13 percent of the population of the province. Next were Talisay City (6.23 percent), Toledo City (5.94 percent) and Danao City (4.15 percent). Tudela, on the other hand, had the smallest population with 0.44 percent of the provincial population.

Seven dependents for every ten economically active persons

Young dependents (0 to 14 year age group) made up about 38.21 percent while old dependents (65 years and above) comprised 4.67 percent. The economically active population (15 to 64 years) thus, made up 57.12 percent of the total population. The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 75.07. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 75 dependents (67 young dependents and eight old dependents). The 2000 ratio was lower than the 77.77 ratio reported in 1995.

Sex ratio recorded at 101

Male population outnumbered their female counterparts with a sex ratio of 101 males for every 100 females. There were more males than females in the age bracket 0 to 49 years. As the age advanced to 50 years onwards, however, the females dominated their male counterparts.

One out of two women in childbearing ages

In 2000, about 48.44 percent of the female population belonged to the childbearing or reproductive age group (15 to 49 years old), almost the same with the 1995 figure (48 percent).

Median of 20 years old

Cebu had a median age of 20 years, same as that of 1995. This meant that half of the population were below 20 years old.

Voting population comprised more than half of the total population

There were 1.2 million persons or 50.24 percent of the total population belonging to the voting population (aged 18 years and over), lower than the 1995 figure (54.05 percent).

More female than male degree holders

About 51 percent of the total household population five years old and over had attended or completed elementary; 24.79 percent, high school; 7.47 percent were college undergraduates, and 2.41 percent with post secondary education. Only 3.39 percent were academic degree holders or with post baccalaureate courses.

There were more males who had finished elementary education (51.25 percent) as compared to the females (48.75 percent). On the other hand, those who had attended or completed high school, college, were academic degree holders and with post baccalaureate courses were predominantly females.

Almost all were Cebuanos

Majority of the household population (97.52 percent) in Cebu classified themselves as Cebuano. Other ethnic groups included Bisaya/Binisaya (0.94 percent), Kankanai/Kankaney/Kankanaey (0.23 percent), Boholano (0.15 percent), Tagalog (0.14 percent), Hiligaynon/Ilonggo (0.13 percent), and Bicol (0.06 percent).

More married persons than single

Married persons accounted for 45.73 percent of the total persons 10 years old and over, lower than the 1995 figure (48.19 percent). Single persons comprised 44.69 percent in 2000, slightly lower than the 1995 (45.93 percent) while the widowed (4.26 percent) slightly increased as compared to the 1995 figure (3.92 percent). Those with other marital arrangements increased from 1.28 percent in 1995 to 3.85 percent in 2000.

Single houses were most preferred

In 2000, majority (96.47 percent) of the occupied housing units in Cebu were single houses, higher than the 93.88 percent recorded in 1990. Three out of five occupied housing units needed no repair or if needed one, with minor repair only and one in five needed major repair.

Galvanized iron/aluminum common for the roof and wood for the walls

As to the construction materials used for housing units, majority (74 percent) of the occupied housing units had roof made of galvanized iron/aluminum. Twenty eight percent of the occupied housing units had walls made of wood.

One-third of the housing units had floor area of 10 to 19 square meters

About 31.41 percent of total occupied housing units had floor area of 10 to 19 square meters, 24.44 percent with less than 10 square. meters, and 3.5 percent with 120 and over square meters.

CEBU

Cebu is located at the center of the Philippine Archipelago. Sitting at the crossroads of trade, transportation and communication links, the island is the natural hub of the archipelago. It is bounded on the north by the Visayan Sea, on the east by the Camotes Sea, on the west by Tanon Strait, and on southeast by Bohol Strait.

Cebu, or Sugbo, was already a prosperous settlement before the Spaniard came in 1521. Cebu is the mother province of most of the Visayas and Mindanao provinces. From Cebu, the provinces of Samar, Leyte, Negros, Misamis and the island of Bohol were taken out, reducing the province to its present size.

The province of Cebu was created under Act No. 2711 on March 10, 1917. During the 1980s, Cebu experienced rapid economic growth, anchored on strong local entrepreneurship and foreign investments. This economic boom transformed the regional trade center into the largest metropolitan area outside Metro Manila. At present, six chartered cities are located in Cebu province: Cebu City, Mandaue City, Lapu Lapu City, Toledo City, Danao City and Talisay City (RA 8979 dated Dec. 30, 2000).

Source: Website of League of Provinces of the Philippines
               (www.leagueofprovinces.org.ph)
               Flieger Monograph

  (Sgd.)CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

Table 1. Total Population of Top 10 Municipalities by Sex: Cebu, 2000


Municipality Total Population Percent Male Female
Cebu 2,377,588 100.00 1,194700 1182888
     Lapu lapu City (Opon) 217,019 9.13 106,099 110,920
     Talisay City 148,110 6.23 71,309 76,801
     Toledo City 141,174 5.94 71,719 69,455
     Danao City 98,781 4.15 49,423 49,358
     Carcar 89,199 3.75 45,276 43,923
     Naga 80,189 3.37 40,332 39,857
     Minglanilla 77,268 3.25 39,898 37,370
     Daanbantayan 69,336 2.92 34,738 34,598
     Bantayan 68,125 2.87 34,542 33,583
     Liloan 64,970 2.73 32,619 32,351
     Others Municipalities 1,303,417 55.66 668,745 654,672

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Cebu, 2000


Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Cebu 2,377,588 1,194,700 1,182,888 101.0
     Under 1 64,248 33,473 30,775 108.8
     1 to 4 244,059 124,729 119,330 104.5
     5 to 9 312,265 159,924 152,341 105.0
     10 to 14 287,982 145,662 142,320 102.3
     15 to 19 247,610 125,546 122,064 102.9
     20 to 24 208,538 104,671 103,867 100.8
     25 to 29 178,526 90,187 88,339 102.1
     30 to 34 161,223 81,649 79,574 102.6
     35 to 39 143,001 73,399 69,602 105.5
     40 to 44 120,531 60,960 59,571 102.3
     45 to 49 100,696 50,689 50,007 101.4
     50 to 54 79,406 38,911 40,495 96.1
     55 to 59 63,000 30,458 32,542 93.6
     60 to 64 55,522 25,625 29,897 85.7
     65 to 69 41,424 18,764 22,660 82.8
     70 to 74 30,748 13,608 17,140 79.4
     75 to 79 19,623 8,579 11,044 77.7
     80 and over 19,186 7,866 11,320 69.5

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Cebu, 2000


Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Cebu 2,059,712 1,032,967 1,026,745
     No Grade Completed 141,219 71,555 69,664
     Pre-School 44,592 22,664 21,928
     Elementary 1,049,684 537,968 511,716
     High School 510,511 242,786 267,725
     Post Secondary 49,739 28,638 21,101
     College Undergraduate 153,803 77,885 75,918
     Academic Degree Holder 62,928 27,950 34,978
     Post Baccalaureate 6,719 2,963 3,756
     Not Stated 40,517 20,558 19,959

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 5. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Cebu, 2000


Age Group Total Population
10 Years Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced/
Separated
Others Unknown
Cebu 1,757,016 785,270 803,541 74,859 13,832 67,619 11,895
      Below 20 535,592 507,894 14,432 552 314 6,094 6,306
      20 - 24 208,538 136,378 56,282 413 804 12,713 1,948
      25 - 29 178,526 60,113 103,612 725 1,279 11,773 1,024
      30 - 34 161,223 28,029 119,900 1,382 1,793 9,440 679
      35 - 39 143,001 15,465 115,336 2,119 1,901 7,802 378
      40 - 44 120,531 9,720 99,420 3,365 1,824 5,914 288
      45 - 49 100,696 6,855 82,743 4,634 1,687 4,550 227
      50 - 54 79,406 5,436 62,972 6,173 1,421 3,188 216
      55 - 59 63,000 4,038 48,306 7,401 1,000 2,100 155
      60 - 64 55,522 3,616 39,530 9,823 758 1,618 177
      65 - 69 41,424 2,757 27,137 9,923 456 1,022 129
      70 - 74 30,748 2,211 17,428 9,963 325 687 134
      75 - 79 19,623 1,358 9,516 8,123 150 382 94
      80 & Over 19,186 1,400 6,927 10,263 120 73 140

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 4. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Cebu, 2000


Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Cebu 2,367,918 1,191,115 1,176,803
     Cebuano 2,309,096 1,162,195 1,146,901
     Bisaya/Binisaya 22,207 10,933 11,274
     Kankanai/Kankaney/Kankanaey 5,384 2,691 2,693
     Boholano 3,468 1,488 1,980
     Tagalog 3,361 1,760 1,601
     Hiligaynon, ilonggo 3,057 1,472 1,585
     Bikol/Bicol 1,534 795 739
     Waray 1,247 612 635
     Others 13,564 6,651 6,913
     Not Reported 6,247 3,130 3,117

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 6. Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of Outer Walls and Roof: Cebu, 2000


Type of Building Occupied
Housing
Units
Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum
Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile
Half
Galvanized,
Iron and Half
Concrete
Wood Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw
Asbestos/
Others/
Not Reported
CEBU 468,778 345,940 1,912 11,223 5,030 92,794 11,879
     Wood 133,038 106,345 338 2,331 3,456 19,825 743
     Bamboo/Sawali/Cogon/Nipa 131,778 61,937 - 1,389 762 66,025 1,665
     Concrete/Brick/Stone 93,015 90,301 895 833 101 809 76
     Half Concrete/Brick/Stone
        and Half Wood
90,169 79,592 278 6,165 501 3,400 233
     Makeshift/Salvaged/Improvised
        Materials
6,296 2,357 - 62 18 1,745 2,114
     Others/Not Reported 3,701 3,810 357 241 56 781 7,014
     Galvanized Iron/Aluminum 1,605 1,146 22 187 103 139 8

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 7. Occupied Housing Units by Floor Area: Cebu, 2000


Floor Area Occupied Housing Units Percent
Cebu 468,778 100.00
      Less than10 square meters 114,559 24.44
      10 - 19 square meters 147,174 31.40
      20 - 29 square meters 81,467 17.38
      30 - 49 square meters 51,621 11.01
      50 - 69 square meters 24,057 5.13
      70 - 89 square meters 12,941 2.76
      90 - 119 square meters 9,576 2.04
      120 & over square meters 16,680 3.56
      Not Reported 10,703 2.28

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No.591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

The population count of Cebu excludes the count of Cebu City and Mandaue City, being a highly urbanized city. A separate Press Release was prepared for each highly urbanized city. As defined in the 1991 Local Government Code, a city is considered highly urbanized if it has an annual income of not lower than fifty million pesos based on 1991 constant prices, as certified by the city treasurer; and its population is at least two hundred thousand (200,000) inhabitants, as certified by NSO.

 

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