Masbate: Population to Increase by 33 Persons Per Day (Results from the 2000 Census of Population and Housing, NSO)

Reference Number: 

2002-142

Release Date: 

Wednesday, September 11, 2002

 

Population increased by 1.7 percent

The total population of Masbate, as of May 1, 2000, was 707,668 persons. This implied an increase of 53,816 persons over the 1995 census figure (with September 1, 1995 as reference date) or an average annual growth rate of 1.7 percent, slightly higher than that of the 1990 to 1995 period (1.64 percent). A corresponding increase on the number of households was also recorded at 138,945 households, higher by 10,085 and 24,538 households over the 1995 and 1990 figures, respectively. This resulted to an average household size of 5.09 persons, slightly higher than the average household size (5.07 persons) recorded five years ago.

The population of the province to double after four decades

If the average growth rate of the population continues at 1.71 percent, the population of Masbate is expected to double after forty years, increasing by 12,101 persons every year or about 33 persons per day.

Masbate, the capital town, the most populous municipality

Of the eleven municipalities in Masbate, the municipality of Masbate, the capital of the province, was the largest in terms of population size, accounting for about 10.1 percent of the total population of the province. This was followed by the municipalities of Aroroy (8.3 percent), and Cawayan (7.4 percent). The smallest was the municipality of Batuan (1.7 percent).

Masbate, the home of Masbatenon

The predominant ethnic group in this province was Masbateño or Masbatenon. Over 64 percent of the total household population classified themselves as Masbateño or Masbatenon. Close to 59 percent was recorded in 1995. The proportion of the population who classified themselves as Cebuano was about 27 percent. The remaining nine percent included Hiligaynon/Ilonggo, Bikol/Bicol and Bisaya/ Binisaya.

Sex ratio recorded at 104

In 2000, there were approximately 104 males for every 100 females in the province. This was the highest ratio recorded since 1970.

Half of the population below 18 years old

Masbate had a median age of 18 years, higher than the 1995 median age of 17 years. This implied that half of the total population of the province were below 18 years old.

Dependency ratio dropped by 2.1 percentage points

About 52 percent of the total population belonged to productive ages (15 to 64 years). This resulted to a 9.4 percent increase from the 1995 figure of 336,032 persons. Over 44 percent of population were young dependents (aged 0 to 14 years) while about four percent were old dependents (aged 65 years and above). The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 92.5, lower than the 1995 ratio of 94.6. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 92 dependents, i.e., 84 young dependents and eight old dependents.

More than two out of every five females belonged to the childbearing ages

Women in childbearing or reproductive age group (15 to 49 years) comprised 43 percent of the total female population. The same proportion was reported in 1995.

About half of the population belonged to voting ages

There were 352,404 persons or about 50 percent of the total population belonging to voting age (18 years old and over). Among them, the proportion of males was slightly higher (51 percent) than that of the females (49 percent).

About 87 percent of total population five years old and over had attended education

About 60 percent of the total population five years old and over had attended elementary; over 18 percent, high school; and about 9 percent with higher education.

Females dominated among those who had attended school. Also, females had the higher proportion, as compared to males, starting from high school to post baccalaureate level.

Single men outnumbered single women

Married persons in 2000 accounted for over 47 percent of the total population 10 years old and over, a drop by three percentage points from the reported figure in 1995 (50 percent). Never-married or single persons also dropped by two percentage points, from 42 percent in 1995 to 40 percent in 2000. In contrast, the proportion of widowed increased to 4.3 percent in 2000 from 3.7 percent in 1995. Those with other arrangements constituted about seven percent, up from 3.2 percent in 1995.

Among married persons, the proportion of males (51 percent) was slightly higher than the females (49 percent). There were more single men (54 percent) than women (46 percent). However, the proportion of widows was noticeably higher (74 percent) than the widowers (26 percent).

Majority of the households preferred single houses

Majority of the housing units were single houses (97 percent). Over 62 percent of the housing units needed no repair or if needed one, with minor repair only, and over 49 percent were built from 1996 to 2000.

Median floor area at 18 square meters

The houses in Masbate had a median floor area of 18 square meters. It implied that half of the total housing units had a floor area of below 18 square meters. About 29 percent of the housing units had a floor area of 10 to 19 square meters; 27 percent, less than 10 square meters; and 18 percent, 20 to 29 square meters. Over three percent of the total housing units reported to have floor area of at least 120 square meters.

Majority of the houses made of native materials

Most housing units in Masbate used native materials for their houses. Over 68 percent used either of cogon, nipa or anahaw for their roof, while about 23 percent used galvanized iron. As to construction materials of the outer walls, 50 percent used either bamboo, sawali, cogon, nipa or anahaw and over 22 percent used wood.

MASBATE

Masbate is one of two island provinces in the Bicol region. It is bounded on the north by the Burias Pass and Ticao Pass, on the east by Samar Sea, on the west by the Sibuyan Sea, on the south by the Visayan Sea.

The province consists of three major islands (Masbate, Ticao and Burias) and 14 small islands. Masbate Island partially encloses Asid Gulf which slopes into the Visayan Sea, giving it a shape of an arrowhead.

Ticao Island lies in the center of the Philippine Fault but Masbate and Burias are safely out of it. The entire province, however, is in the direct path of typhoons. Mainland Masbate has a short dry season while Ticao and Burias have no dry season at all.

The Americans organized Masbate as a province in 1901, but made it a sub-province of Sorsogon in 1905. Finally, on December 15, 1920 the Philippine Legislature, through Act No. 2934, made Masbate an independent province.

Source: CM LANCION, JR., Fast Facts About Philippine
Provinces, Tahanan Books Manila

(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

Table 1. Population Distribution of Top Five Municipalities: Masbate, 2000


Municipalities Total Population Percent
MASBATE 707,668 100.00
     Masbate (Capital) 71,441 10.10
     Aroroy 58,751 8.30
     Cawayan 52,256 7.38
     Cataingan 46,593 6.58
     Milagros 44,575 6.30

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Masbate, 2000


Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
MASBATE 707,668 361,695 345,973 104.5
     Under 5 110,290 56,519 53,771 105.1
     5-9 108,239 55,234 53,005 104.2
     10-14 93,176 47,564 45,612 104.3
     15-19 68,195 35,752 32,443 110.2
     20-24 51,548 26,319 25,229 104.3
     25-29 45,795 23,878 21,917 108.9
     30-34 42,961 21,948 21,013 104.4
     35-39 38,667 20,191 18,476 109.3
     40-44 34,575 18,066 16,509 109.4
     45-49 27,296 14,093 13,203 106.7
     50-54 21,813 10,930 10,883 100.4
     55-59 19,436 9,466 9,970 94.9
     60-64 17,415 8,365 9,050 92.4
     65-69 11,690 5,676 6,014 94.4
     70-74 8,073 3,824 4,249 90.0
     75-79 4,601 2,219 2,382 93.2
     80 and over 3,898 1,651 2,247 73.5

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Masbate, 2000


Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
MASBATE 596,773 304,702 292,071
     No Grade Completed 44,951 23,562 21,389
     Pre-school 14,128 7,218 6,910
     Elementary 356,804 187,052 169,752
     High School 110,220 53,246 56,974
     Post Secondary 8,593 4,169 4,424
     College Undergraduate 27,786 13,718 14,068
     Academic Degree Holder 13,514 5,478 8,036
     Post Baccalaureate 1,984 824 1,160
     Not Stated 18,793 9,435 9,358

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 4. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Masbate, 2000


Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
MASBATE 707,055 361,218 345,837
     Mabateño/Masbatenon 455,451 232,528 222,923
     Cebuano 190,010 97,094 92,916
     Hiligaynon/Ilonggo 31,624 16,262 15,362
     Bikol/Bicol 14,342 7,496 6,846
     Bisaya/Binisaya 3,394 1,679 1,715
     Others 7,910 3,936 3,974
     Not Reported 4,324 2,223 2,101

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 5. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Masbate, 2000


Age Group Total Population
10 Yrs & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced Others Unknown
MASBATE 488,537 195,504 230,832 20,996 3,211 32,586 5,408
     Below 20 161,297 148,098 6,005 422 151 2,997 3,624
     20 to 24 51,419 26,510 18,208 214 236 5,569 682
     25 to 29 45,713 10,045 29,389 320 329 5,302 328
     30 to 34 42,871 4,318 33,051 486 431 4,399 186
     35 to 39 38,610 2,243 31,460 728 443 3,613 123
     40 to 44 34,519 1,405 28,572 1,126 399 2,913 104
     45 to 49 27,259 895 22,460 1,320 363 2,170 51
     50 to 54 21,791 639 17,484 1,735 275 1,588 70
     55 to 59 19,414 392 15,053 2,332 212 1,380 45
     60 to 64 17,400 335 12,632 3,099 164 1,118 52
     65 to 69 11,684 242 7,948 2,691 102 667 34
     70 to 74 8,071 194 4,736 2,536 51 510 44
     75 to 79 4,594 89 2,399 1,849 32 193 32
     80 and over 3,895 99 1,435 2,138 23 167 33

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 6. Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of Outer Walls and Roof: Masbate, 2000


CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS
Total
Occupied
Housing
Units
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF
Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum
Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile
Half
Galvanized,
Iron/Half
Concrete
Wood Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw
Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials
Asbestos/
Others
Not Reported
MASBATE 137,659 31,468 664 2,322 1,616 94,054 2,257 5,278
     Concrete/Brick/Stone 15,803 12,655 396 296 34 2,341 13 68
     Wood 30,818 9,224 74 409 979 19,645 156 331
     Half Concrete/Brick Stone and Half Wood 11,841 5,983 56 1,092 84 4,522 31 73
     Galvanized Iron/Aluminum 471 185 10 52 14 198 - 12
     Bamboo/Sawali/Cogon/ Nipa 68,845 2,621 - 415 439 64,264 381 725
     Asbestos 174 80 63 10 4 - - 17
     Glass 104 46 19 4 1 - - 34
     Makeshift/Salvaged/ Improvised Materials 3,129 140 - 15 11 1,287 1,629 47
     Others/Not Reported 6,323 459 40 29 45 1,758 35 3,957
     No Walls 151 75 6 - 5 39 12 14

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No.591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

 

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