Out-of-school children and youth highest in ARMM (Final Results from the 2002 Annual Poverty Indicators Survey)

Reference Number: 

2003-075

Release Date: 

Friday, September 12, 2003

 

In 2002, out-of-school Filipino children and youth were 14.7 percent or 4.84 million out of 32.96 million population aged 6 to 24 years. Among the 16 regions, the percentage was highest in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) (23.1 percent), followed by Central Visayas (18.3 percent), and National Capital Region or NCR (17.2 percent). It was least in Cagayan Valley (10.6 percent) and Cordillera Administrative Region or CAR (10.8 percent).

Results of the 2002 Annual Poverty Indicators Survey (APIS) showed that about 250 thousand of the approximately 1 million children and youth aged 6 to 24 years in ARMM were out of school. Among the children and youth who belonged to families in the bottom 40% income group in ARMM, 28.4 percent were out of school. This was much higher than the percentage of those who belonged to families in the upper 60% (17.9 percent). Likewise, in NCR, the percentage of out-of-school children and youth was higher among those in the bottom 40% (24.7 percent) than among those in the upper 60% (17.0 percent).

The lowest 40% income group refers to the bottom 40 percent of the total families in the list of families arranged in descending order of the family income. In this report, the bottom 40% income group represents the poor families.

Out-of-school children are household members 6 to 14 years old who are not attending formal education during the school year, while out-of-school youth are household members 15 to 24 years old who are out of formal school and are not gainfully employed.

The 2002 APIS is a nationwide survey conducted by the NSO to provide inputs to the integrated poverty indicator and monitoring system of the Philippines. A total of 38,014 households were interviewed for the 2002 APIS.

Table 1.   Percentage of children and youth aged 6 to 24 years who are out of school, by region and income stratum, Philippines: 2002

  Region

Total

Income Stratum

Lowest 40%

Upper 60%

Total
 Population 
6 to 24
years old
('000)

Out
of
school
 (Percent) 

Total
 Population 
6 to 24
years old
('000)

Out
of
school
 (Percent) 

Total
 Population 
6 to 24
years old
('000)

Out
of
school
 (Percent) 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  Philippines

32,965

14.7

11,940

15.6

21,025

14.2

     National Capital Region

4,108

17.2

138

24.7

3,971

17.0

     Cordillera Administrative  
        Region

632

10.8

224

8.3

408

12.1

     Ilocos

1,736

13.9

585

14.7

1,151

13.5

     Cagayan Valley

1,231

10.6

509

10.2

721

10.8

     Central Luzon

3,211

15.5

517

16.5

2,694

15.4

     Southern Tagalog

4,850

14.2

1,109

14.7

3,741

14.0

     Bicol

2,097

14.2

1,197

15.4

900

12.6

     Western Visayas

2,732

11.8

1,214

12.3

1,518

11.4

     Central Visayas

2,379

18.3

1,122

19.7

1,258

17.0

     Eastern Visayas

1,637

13.1

948

15.5

689

9.9

     Western Mindanao

1,432

15.1

863

15.6

569

14.4

     Northern Mindanao

1,244

11.3

653

11.8

590

10.7

     Southern Mindanao

2,362

14.7

1,067

16.9

1,296

12.8

     Central Mindanao

1,231

12.2

653

12.6

578

11.8

     Caraga

997

13.6

601

14.7

396

11.8

     Autonomous Region
        in Muslim Mindanao

1,085

23.1

541

28.4

544

17.9

Source:   National Statistics Office. 2002 Annual Poverty Indicators Survey

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