Friday, July 26, 2013
Population of National Capital Region (NCR) increased at the rate of 1.78 percent annually
Based on the 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH), the NCR posted a total population of 11,855,975 persons as of May 1, 2010. This is larger by 1,923,415 persons compared to its total population of 9,932,560 persons counted in the 2000 CPH. The increase in the population count from 2000 to 2010 translated to an average annual population growth rate (PGR) of 1.78 percent. This is lower than the 2.25 percent annual PGR of the region between the census years 1990 and 2000.
If the average annual PGR recorded at 1.78 percent during the period 2000 to 2010 continues, the population of NCR would double in 39 years.
Fifty years ago, the population of NCR was only 2,462,488 persons. The population size is more than one fifth of the population of the region in the 2010 CPH.
Quezon City was the most populous area in the region
Among the lone municipality and 16 cities comprising the NCR, Quezon City was the most populous with a population size making up 23.3 percent of the total regional population. The City of Manila came in second with 13.9 percent, followed by Caloocan City with 12.6 percent, City of Pasig with 5.6 percent, Taguig City with 5.4 percent, and City of Parañaque with 5.0 percent. The rest of the cities/municipality contributed less than 5.0 percent each.
The least populated area was the municipality of Pateros with 0.5 percent share to the total population of the region. It was also the least populated area in 2000.
Sex ratio was 96 males per 100 females
Of the 11,796,873 household population in 2010, females accounted for 51.0 percent while males comprised 49.0 percent. These figures resulted in a sex ratio of 96 males for every 100 females. In 2000, the recorded sex ratio was the same as that in 2010.
Across the region, the City of Navotas posted the highest sex ratio of 102 males per 100 females, followed by the City of Valenzuela with a sex ratio of 101 males per 100 females. In contrast, the City of San Juan recorded the lowest sex ratio of 82 males per 100 females.
Median age increased to 25.5 years
In 2010, the median age of the population of NCR was 25.5 years, which means that half of the population was younger than 25.5 years. This is higher than the median age of 23.7 years that was recorded in 2000.
In comparison, the City of San Juan had the highest median age of 28.5 years, followed by the City of Makati (27.7 years) and the City of Mandaluyong (26.6 years). The City of Navotas, on the other hand, had the lowest median age of 23.9 years while Caloocan City had the next lowest median age of 24.2 years.
In terms of the regional distribution of population by age and sex in 2010, there were more males than females in the age groups 0 to 14 years while females outnumbered the males in the age groups 15 years and over. Moreover, 29.1 percent of the household population were under 15 years old. Persons aged 20 to 24 years comprised the largest age group (10.2 percent), followed by those in the age groups 0 to 4 years (9.9 percent) and 15 to 19 years and 25 to 29 years (9.8 percent each).
Nearly two thirds of the population were of voting age
The voting-age population (18 years and over) accounted for 65.2 percent of the household population of the region in 2010, up from 62.5 percent in 2000. There were more females (52.2 percent) than males (47.8 percent) among the voting-age population.
There were seven cities in the region with proportion of voting-age population lower than the regional proportion: City of Las Piñas (65.1 percent), Quezon City (65.0 percent), City of Valenzuela (64.1 percent), City of Malabon (64.0 percent), Taguig City (63.7 percent), Caloocan City (62.4 percent), and City of Navotas (61.5 percent).
Dependency ratio decreased to 48 dependents per 100 persons in the working age group
In 2010, the young dependents (0 to 14 years) comprised 29.1 percent of the household population in NCR while the old dependents (65 years and over) posted a share of 3.4 percent. The working-age population (15 to 64 years) accounted for the remaining 67.5 percent.
The overall dependency ratio of the region was 48, which indicates that for every 100 working-age population, there were about 48 dependents (43 young dependents and five old dependents). This ratio is lower than the dependency ratio in 2000, which was recorded at 54 dependents per 100 working-age population (49 young dependents and five old dependents).
Nine cities had lower had an overall dependency ratio lower than the regional figure. For every 100 working-age population of their respective household population, the City of Marikina, City of Pasig, and City of Muntinlupa each had 47 dependents. Moreover, the City of Parañaque had 46 dependents, Pasay City had 45 dependents, and City of Mandaluyong had 44 dependents. Both the City of San Juan and the City of Makati recorded the lowest overall dependency ratio of 40.
There were more males than females among the never-married persons
Of the household population 10 years old and over in the region, 41.5 percent were married while 44.9 percent were never married. The rest of the population were categorized as follows: common-law/live-in marital arrangement (7.8 percent), widowed (3.8 percent), and divorced/separated (1.9 percent).
Among the never-married persons, 50.4 percent were males while 49.6 percent were females. For the rest of the categories for marital status, the females outnumbered the males.
By comparison, seven cities in the region had higher proportion of females than males among the never-married persons. These were the City of San Juan with 56.3 percent females among the never-married persons, City of Makati with 52.9 percent, City of Las Piñas and City of Parañaque with 50.7 percent each, City of Muntinlupa with 50.5 percent, City of Pasig with 50.4 percent, and Quezon City with 50.2 percent.
More females had attained higher levels of education
Of the household population aged five years and over in NCR, 21.5 percent had attended or completed elementary education, 37.3 percent had reached or finished high school, 14.8 percent were college undergraduates, and 17.1 percent were academic degree holders. Among those with an academic degree, the females (54.4 percent) outnumbered the males (45.6 percent). Similarly, more females (50.5 percent) than males (49.5 percent) had pursued post baccalaureate courses.
Females in all cities and municipality of NCR outnumbered the males among those with an academic degree. Males outnumbered females among those who had pursued post baccalaureate course in the five cities of the region, namely, the City of Makati with males comprising 58.1 of all those who had pursued post baccalaureate course, City of Muntinlupa (52.7 percent), City of Pasig (51.3 percent), City of Parañaque (50.9 percent), and City of San Juan (50.1 percent).
Persons with disability comprised 1.4 percent of the population in the region
In 2010, around 1.4 percent (or 166,700 persons) of the 11,796,873 household population in the region had a disability. This proportion of persons with disability (PWD) is higher than the proportion in 2000, which was 1.1 percent of the 9,880,102 household population of the region during that year. The number of PWD for the same year was around 105,800.
The City of Parañaque had the highest proportion of PWD at 2.4 percent, followed by the City of Makati (2.2 percent), City of Las Piñas and Municipality of Pateros (2.1 percent each), and City of Muntinlupa (2.0 percent). These are also the areas with higher proportion of PWD than the regional figure.
There were more females than males among those with functional difficulty
Of the 10,624,908 household population five years and over in the region, 3.1 percent (or 324,835 persons) had at least one type of functional difficulty either in seeing, hearing, walking or climbing steps, remembering or concentrating, self-caring (bathing or dressing), or communicating. There were more females (55.5 percent) than males (44.5 percent) among those persons with at least one type of functional difficulty.
Moreover, of the total 324,835 persons aged five years and over with at least one type of functional difficulty, 81.7 percent reported difficulty in seeing, even if wearing eyeglasses. There were 17.8 percent who had difficulty in walking or climbing steps; 13.7 percent had difficulty in hearing, even if using a hearing aid; 8.5 percent had difficulty in remembering or concentrating; 7.4 percent had difficulty in self-caring (bathing or dressing); and 7.1 percent had difficulty in communicating.
Among the cities and municipality in NCR, the City of San Juan (60.7 percent) had the highest proportion of females than males among those persons with at least one type of functional difficulty. This was followed by the Municipality of Pateros (58.4 percent), City of Makati (56.7 percent), Quezon City and City of Manila (56.1 percent each), City of Parañaque and City of Pasig (56.0 percent each), City of Las Piñas (55.8 percent), City of Malabon (55.7 percent), and City of Muntinlupa (55.6 percent).
Male overseas workers outnumbered their female counterparts
Of the 9,483,096 household population 10 years old and over in NCR, 2.2 percent (or 211,301 persons) were overseas workers. Male overseas workers outnumbered their female counterparts as they comprised 64.0 percent of all the overseas workers from this region. Overseas workers aged 45 years and over made up the largest age group, comprising 29.9 percent of the total overseas workers from this region in 2010, followed by the age groups 30 to 34 years (17.8 percent), 35 to 39 years (16.1 percent), and 25 to 29 years (14.5 percent).
The City of Makati (2.7 percent) had the highest proportion of overseas workers, followed by the City of Las Piñas and City of Marikina (2.6 percent each) while the City of Valenzuela had the lowest proportion of overseas workers (0.1 percent).
Average household size was 4.3 persons
The number of households in 2010 was recorded at 2,759,829, higher by 626,840 households compared with the 2,132,989 households posted in 2000. The average household size in 2010 was 4.3 persons, lower than the average household size of 4.6 persons in 2000.
Only the City of Marikina (4.6 persons) and the Municipality of Pateros (4.4 persons) had higher average household size than the regional figure. The City of Mandaluyong and Pasay City, on the other hand, each had the lowest average household size of 4.0 persons.
There were 105 households per 100 occupied housing units
A total of 2,634,374 occupied housing units were recorded in NCR in 2010. This translates to a ratio of 105 households for every 100 occupied housing units, with 4.5 persons per occupied housing unit. In 2000, there were 107 households per 100 occupied housing units and 4.9 persons per occupied housing unit.
Of the 16 cities and lone municipality comprising the region, the Municipality of Pateros recorded the highest ratio of 111 households for every 100 occupied housing units. This was followed by the City of Navotas and Pasay City (108 households per 100 occupied housing units each), City of Manila (107 households per 100 occupied housing units), and City of Mandaluyong (106 households per 100 occupied housing units).
Occupied housing units with outer walls and roofs made of strong materials increased
In 2010, 63.5 percent of the occupied housing units in the region had outer walls made of concrete/brick/stone, up from 44.0 percent in 2000. The proportion of occupied housing units with outer walls made of half concrete/brick/stone and half wood, on the other hand, decreased from 31.8 percent in 2000 to 22.2 percent in 2010. Meanwhile, majority (86.3 percent) of the occupied housing units in 2010 had roofs made of galvanized iron/aluminum. This is higher than the proportion recorded in 2000 at 79.3 percent.
By comparison, two cities in the region had less than half of the total occupied housing units with outer walls made of concrete/brick/stone, namely, City of Manila (47.8 percent) and City of Navotas (46.1 percent). Across the region, a proportion of about 80.4 percent to 89.8 percent of the occupied housing units in each city/municipality had roofs made of galvanized iron/aluminum.
Less than half of the households lived in lots that they owned or amortized
In 2010, the region had 48.4 percent of the total 2,759,829 households who owned or amortized the lots that they occupied. The corresponding figure in 2000 was 40.3 percent of the total 2,132,989 households. Moreover, 33.4 percent of the households rented the lots that they occupied, 11.2 percent occupied lots which were rent-free but with consent of the owner while 5.1 percent occupied lots which were rent-free but without consent of the owner.
By comparison, eight cities in the region had proportion of households who rented the lots that they occupied higher than the recorded regional figure. These are Pasay City (44.2 percent), City of Makati (44.0 percent), City of Valenzuela (42.9 percent), City of Manila (39.6 percent), City of San Juan (38.6 percent), Taguig City (38.0 percent), City of Pasig (36.0 percent), and City of Muntinlupa (34.9 percent).
On the other hand, seven cities had proportion of households occupying lots which were rent-free but with consent of the owner higher than the regional value of 11.2 percent, namely, City of Mandaluyong (20.7 percent), City of Malabon (13.8 percent), Caloocan City (13.0 percent), Quezon City and City of Muntinlupa (12.1 percent each), City of Navotas (11.5 percent), City of San Juan (11.4 percent). Meanwhile, five cities had proportion of households occupying lots which were rent-free but without consent of the owner higher than the proportion recorded for the region. These are the City of Navotas (9.0 percent), Quezon City (8.5 percent), City of Parañaque (8.0 percent), City of Malabon (6.4 percent), and City of Manila (5.2 percent).
(Sgd) CARMELITA N. ERICTA