Friday, July 26, 2013
Population of Tacloban City increased at the rate of 2.16 percent annually
Based on the 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH), Tacloban City, a highly urbanized city in the province of Leyte, posted a total population of 221,174 persons as of May 1, 2010. This is larger by 42,535 persons compared to its total population of 178,639 persons counted in the 2000 CPH. The increase in the population count from 2000 to 2010 translated to an average annual population growth rate (PGR) of 2.16 percent. This is lower than the 2.70 percent annual PGR of the city between the census years 1990 and 2000.
If the average annual PGR recorded at 2.16 percent during the period 2000 to 2010 continues, the population of Tacloban City would double in 32 years.
Forty years ago, the population of Tacloban City was only 76,531 persons. This population size is more than one third of the population of the city in the 2010 CPH.
Barangay 88 was the most populous barangay
Among the 138 barangays in Tacloban City, Barangay 88 was the most populous with a population size making up 4.4 percent of the total population of the city. Barangay 109-A was second with 3.7 percent share, followed by Barangay 74 with 3.3 percent, Barangay 91 (Abucay) with 3.0 percent, Barangay 84 (San Jose) with 2.7 percent, Barangay 96 (Calanipawan) with 2.6 percent, Barangay 71 and Barangay 109 (V & G Subd.) with 2.5 percent each, Barangay 99 (Diit) with 2.3 percent, Barangay 110 (Utap) with 2.2 percent, and Barangay 62-A with 2.1 percent. The rest of the barangays contributed less than 2.0 percent each.
The least populated barangay was Barangay 15 with less than 0.1 percent share to the total population of the city.
Sex ratio was 99 males per 100 females
Of the 219,314 household population in 2010, females accounted for 50.2 percent while males comprised 49.8 percent. These figures resulted in a sex ratio of 99 males for every 100 females, which is similar to the sex ratio recorded in 2000 (98 males per 100 females).
Median age increased to 22.7 years
In 2010, the median age of the population of the city was 22.7 years, which means that half of the population was younger than 22.7 years. This is higher than the median age of 20.7 years that was recorded in 2000.
Moreover, 33.4 percent of the household population were under 15 years old. Persons aged 15 to 19 years (11.4 percent) comprised the largest age group, followed by those in the age groups 10 to 14 years (11.3 percent) and 0 to 4 years and 5 to 9 years (11.0 percent each). Males outnumbered females in the age groups 0 to 14 years, 25 to 39 years, and 45 to 49 years. On the other hand, there were more females than males in the age groups 15 to 24 years, 40 to 44 years, and 50 years and over.
Three fifths of the population were of voting age
The voting-age population (18 years and over) accounted for 59.8 percent of the household population of the city in 2010, up from 55.8 percent in 2000. There were more females (51.0 percent) than males (49.0 percent) among the voting-age population.
Dependency ratio decreased to 60 dependents per 100 persons in the working age group
In 2010, the young dependents (0 to 14 years) comprised 33.4 percent of the household population while the old dependents (65 years and over) posted a share of 4.0 percent. The working-age population (15 to 64 years) accounted for the remaining 62.6 percent.
The overall dependency ratio was 60, which indicates that for every 100 working-age population, there were about 60 dependents (53 young dependents and seven old dependents). This ratio is lower than the dependency ratio in 2000, which was recorded at 69 dependents per 100 working-age population (63 young dependents and six old dependents).
There were more males than females among the never-married persons
Of the household population 10 years old and over, 46.7 percent were never married while 39.2 percent were married. The rest of the population were categorized as follows: in common-law/live-in marital arrangement (8.2 percent), widowed (4.1 percent), and divorced/separated (1.6 percent).
Among the never-married persons, 52.0 percent were males while 48.0 percent were females. For the rest of the categories for marital status, the females outnumbered the males.
More females had attained higher levels of education
Of the household population aged five years and over, 31.1 percent had attended or completed elementary education, 29.0 percent had reached or finished high school, 12.2 percent were college undergraduates, and 18.3 percent were academic degree holders. More females pursue higher levels of education than male, as majority of those with an academic degree (56.6 percent) and post baccalaureate course (57.2 percent) were females.
Persons with disability comprised 1.5 percent of the population in the city
In 2010, around 3,200 persons or 1.5 percent of the 219,314 household population had a disability. The proportion of persons with disability (PWD) in 2000 was 1.3 percent of the 177,602 household population of the city during that year. The number of PWD for the same year was around 2,300.
There were more females than males among those with functional difficulty
Of the 195,109 household population five years and over, 3.7 percent (or 7,156 persons) had at least one type of functional difficulty either in seeing, hearing, walking or climbing steps, remembering or concentrating, self-caring (bathing or dressing), or communicating. There were more females (53.6 percent) than males (46.4 percent) among those persons with at least one type of functional difficulty.
Moreover, of the total 7,156 persons aged five years and over with at least one type of functional difficulty, 69.6 percent reported difficulty in seeing, even if wearing eyeglasses. There were 20.9 percent who had difficulty in walking or climbing steps; 18.9 percent had difficulty in hearing, even if using a hearing aid; 15.3 percent had difficulty in remembering or concentrating; 10.0 percent had difficulty in communicating; and 9.6 percent had difficulty in self-caring (bathing or dressing).
Male overseas workers outnumbered their female counterparts
Of the 170,972 household population 10 years old and over in Tacloban City, 1.4 percent (or 2,406 persons) were overseas workers. Male overseas workers outnumbered their female counterparts as they comprised 60.1 percent of all overseas workers from this city. Overseas workers aged 45 years old and over made up the largest age group, comprising 25.4 percent of the total overseas workers from this city in 2010, followed by the age groups 30 to 34 years (16.6 percent), 35 to 39 years (15.1 percent), and 25 to 29 years (15.0 percent).
Average household size was 4.8 persons
The number of households in 2010 was recorded at 45,478, higher by 10,720 households compared with the 34,758 households posted in 2000. The average household size in 2010 was 4.8 persons, lower than the average household size of 5.1 persons in 2000.
There were 102 households per 100 occupied housing units
A total of 44,613 occupied housing units were recorded in Tacloban City in 2010. This translates to a ratio of 102 households for every 100 occupied housing units, with 4.9 persons per occupied housing unit. In 2000, there were 103 households per 100 occupied housing units and 5.3 persons per occupied housing unit.
Occupied housing units with outer walls and roofs made of strong materials increased
In 2010, the proportion of occupied housing units with outer walls made of concrete/brick/stone increased from 33.6 percent in 2000 to 44.9 percent in 2010. Those with outer walls made of wood decreased from 38.7 percent in 2000 to 32.8 percent in 2010. Meanwhile, majority (80.2 percent) of the occupied housing units in 2010 had roofs made of galvanized iron/aluminum. This is higher than the proportion of 65.4 percent recorded in 2000. The proportion of housing units with roofs made of cogon/nipa/anahaw, on the other hand, decreased from 23.6 percent in 2000 to 14.3 percent in 2010.
Less than half of the households in the city lived in lots that they owned or amortized
In 2010, 45.7 percent of the total 45,478 households owned or amortized the lots that they occupied. The corresponding figure in 2000 was lower at 38.1 percent of the 34,758 households.
Moreover, 30.8 percent of the households occupied lots which were rent-free but with consent of the owner, 14.5 percent rented the lots that they occupied while 7.8 percent occupied lots which were rent-free but without consent of the owner.
(Sgd) CARMELITA N. ERICTA