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Number: 2002-133
Date Released: September 9, 2002

NEGROS ORIENTAL:
MORE THAN ONE-THIRD OF THE HOUSES WERE BUILT IN THE LATTER 90S

(Results from the 2000 Census of Population and Housing, NSO)

Population growth rate increased to 2.11 percent

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing results showed that Negros Oriental registered a total population of 1,130,088 persons, higher by 104,841 persons over the 1995 Census of Population results. This figure recorded a 2.11 percent annual population growth rate, higher by 0.17 percentage point than the annual population growth rate during the 1990 to 1995 period. A corresponding increase on the number of households was also recorded at 227,160 households, higher by 22,029 households five years ago. This resulted to an average household size of 4.97 persons, almost the same as in 1995 (4.99 persons) and the national average of five persons.

Population of the province to increase by 65 persons per day

If the average growth rate of the population will continue at 2.11 percent, the population of Negros Oriental is expected to double after 33 years, increasing by 23,845 persons every year or 65 persons per day.

Dumaguete City, the provincial capital, was the most populous city

Of the 22 municipalities and three cities in the province of Negros Oriental, Dumaguete City, the provincial capital, was the largest in terms of population size, comprising 9.05 percent of the total population of the province. This was followed by the municipalities of Bayawan (8.97 percent), and Guihulngan (7.49 percent). The least populous was the municipality of San Jose (1.39 percent).

Sex ratio recorded at 102

There were more males than females in Negros Oriental. In 2000, there were approximately 102 males for every 100 females in the province. The same sex ratio was also reported in 1990 and 1995.

Half of the population were below 21 years old

Negros Oriental had a median age of 21 years, higher by one year from the 1995 median age. This implied that half of the total population of the province were below 21 years old.

In 2000, the age-sex structure of Negros Oriental slightly deviated from the usual pyramid shape as shown in Figure 1. The age group 5-9 years slightly protrudes as compared to the lowest age group. This age group also occupied the largest proportion of the total population.

About 48 percent of females belonged to the childbearing age group

Women in childbearing or reproductive age group (15 to 49 years) comprised about 48 percent of the total female population. The same proportion of women in reproductive age group was reported also in 1995.

Over a half of the population belonged to voting ages

There were 619,772 persons or about 55 percent of the total population who can participate during election (18 years old and over), with an almost equal number of males and females.

Dominated by Cebuano and Bisaya/Binisaya

The predominant ethnic groups in this province were Cebuano and Bisaya. About 48 percent of the total household population classified themselves as Cebuano and over 46 percent classified themselves as Bisaya/Binisaya. The remaining six percent of the household population belonged to other ethnic groups, which include Hiligaynon/Ilonggo, Karay-a, Kankanai/Kankaney/ Kankanaey, Tagalog, and Binukid/Bukidnon.

Economically active persons increased by about 12 percent

About 57 percent of the total population or 642,116 persons belonged to productive ages (15 to 64 years). This resulted to a 12 percent increase from the 1995 figure of 575,613 persons. About 39 percent of the total household population were young dependents (aged 0 to 14 years) while more than 4 percent were old dependents (aged 65 years and above). The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 76, lower than the 1995 ratio of 78. This meant that for every 100 persons aged 15 to 64 years, there were about 76 dependents, i.e., 68 young dependents and eight, old dependents.

Most of the population five years old and over had attended school

About 87 percent of the total household population five years old and over had attended school where 58.3 percent in elementary; 17.3 percent, high school; 1.6 percent, post secondary; and 9.6 percent, with at least college education.

Females dominated among those who had attended school, except in elementary and post secondary levels.

Close to 50 percent of the total population ten years old and over were married

About 47 percent of the total population 10 years old and over were married while 44 percent were single. The remaining nine percent were either widowed, separated/divorced, with other arrangements or with unknown marital status.

Among married persons, the proportion for females was slightly higher (50.3 percent). As expected, the proportion of widows was noticeably higher (71 percent) than the widowers (29 percent).

More than one-third of the houses were new

Majority of the housing units were single houses (97 percent). About 64 percent of the housing units needed no repair or if needed one, with minor repair only. Over 36 percent were built from 1996 to 2000.

Median floor area was 16 square meters

The houses in Negros Oriental were relatively small with a median floor area of 16 square meters. This implied that half of the total housing units had a floor area of below 16 square meters. About 31 percent of the total housing units had 10 to 19 square meters floor area; 31.4 percent, less than 10 square meters; and 15.1 percent, 20 29 square meters. Over three percent of the total housing units reported to have floor area of at least 120 square meters.

Majority of the houses had outer walls made of forest product materials

There was a significant improvement in the materials used for the roof, as the proportion of the houses with roof made of galvanized iron drastically increased by about 26 percentage points from the 1990 figure of 15 percent to 41 percent in 2000. On the other hand, the proportion of housing units with roof made of either cogon, nipa or anahaw dropped by 27 percentage points from the 1990 figure of 80 percent to 53 percent in 2000. As to construction materials of the outer walls, 51 percent used either bamboo, sawali, cogon, nipa or anahaw, lower by 14 percentage points from the 1990 figure (65 percent). About 12 percent had outer walls made of either half concrete, bricks, stone or half wood while only 0.4 percent with galvanized iron or aluminum.

NEGROS ORIENTAL

Negros Oriental occupies the southeastern portion of Negros Island in the Visayas. It is bounded on the north and west by Negros Occidental, on the east by Tanon Strait, and on the south by the Sulu Sea.

Because of the many Negritos the Spaniards found in Buglas, as the island was then known, they changed its name to Negros.

The area that is now Negros Oriental was administered as part of Cebu until 1734, when it was made a military district of its own. In 1890, Negros Island was divided into two politico-military provinces, Occidental and Oriental. Under the civil government established by the Americans, Negros Oriental became a province under Act No. 2711 on March 10, 1917.

Source: CM LANCION, JR., Fast Facts About Philippine
               Provinces, Tahanan Books Manila

(Sgd.)CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

Table 1. Population Distribution of Top Five Cities/Municipalities: Negros Oriental, 2000

Municipalities Total Population Percent
NEGROS ORIENTAL 1,130,088 100.00
     Dumaguete City 102,265 9.05
     Bayawan 101,391 8.97
     Guihulngan 84,607 7.49
     Tanjay 70,169 6.21
     Bais City 68,115 6.03
Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Negros Oriental, 2000

Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
NEGROS ORIENTAL 1,130,088 569,917 560,171 101.7
     Under 5 141,020 71,761 69,259 103.6
     5-9 154,171 78,531 75,640 103.8
     10-14 141,575 71,470 70,105 101.9
     15-19 115,673 59,055 56,618 104.3
     20-24 91,949 46,726 45,223 103.3
     25-29 79,066 39,845 39,221 101.6
     30-34 74,135 36,943 37,192 99.3
     35-39 69,942 35,398 34,544 102.5
     40-44 60,731 30,784 29,947 102.8
     45-49 50,877 25,794 25,083 102.8
     50-54 38,526 19,345 19,181 100.9
     55-59 31,588 15,638 15,950 98.0
     60-64 29,629 14,295 15,334 93.2
     65-69 20,776 10,256 10,520 97.5
     70-74 14,317 6,786 7,531 90.1
     75-79 8,250 3,829 4,421 86.6
     80 and over 7,863 3,461 4,402 78.6
Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex: Negros Oriental, 2000

Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
NEGROS ORIENTAL 988,023 497,544 490,479
     No Grade Completed 88,231 46,236 41,995
     Pre-school 19,859 10,133 9,726
     Elementary 576,097 295,775 280,322
     High School 170,838 82,022 88,816
     Post Secondary 15,756 7,946 7,810
     College Undergraduate 64,882 31,793 33,089
     Academic Degree Holder 28,135 11,670 16,465
     Post Baccalaureate 2,346 970 1,376
     Not Stated 21,879 10,999 10,880
Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 4. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Negros Oriental, 2000

Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
NEGROS ORIENTAL 1,129,010 569,281 559,729
     Cebuano 541,757 273,854 267,903
     Bisaya/Binisaya 525,308 263,936 261,372
     Hiligaynon/Ilonggo 39,174 20,060 19,114
     Karay-a 4,147 2,074 2,073
     Kankanai/Kankaney 2,241 1,118 1,123
     Others 8,318 4,317 4,001
     Not Reported 8,065 3,922 4,143
Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 5. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Negros Oriental, 2000

Age Group Total Population
10 Yrs Old & Over
Single Married Widowed Divorced Others Unknown
NEGROS ORIENTAL 834,897 368,359 390,218 35,938 5,743 26,933 7,706
     Below 20 257,248 242,596 7,416 260 181 2,533 4,262
     20 to 24 91,949 59,917 26,399 191 316 3,963 1,163
     25 to 29 79,066 26,942 46,998 371 475 3,659 621
     30 to 34 74,135 13,379 55,729 699 573 3,351 404
     35 to 39 69,942 7,995 56,771 1,163 742 2,998 273
     40 to 44 60,731 5,096 50,165 1,792 782 2,689 207
     45 to 49 50,877 3,550 41,882 2,366 759 2,153 167
     50 to 54 38,526 2,447 30,630 3,086 605 1,630 128
     55 to 59 31,588 1,902 24,216 3,659 466 1,253 92
     60 to 64 29,629 1,711 21,218 5,166 361 1,082 91
     65 to 69 20,776 1,147 13,743 4,776 239 769 102
     70 to 74 14,317 778 8,187 4,705 130 455 62
     75 to 79 8,250 447 4,072 3,411 57 213 50
     80 and over 7,863 452 2,792 4,293 57 185 84
Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 6. Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of Outer Walls and Roof: Negros Oriental, 2000

CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF
Total
Occupied
Housing
Units
Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum
Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile
Half
Galvanized,
Iron and Half
Concrete
Wood Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw
Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials
Asbestos/
Others/Not
Reported
NEGROS ORIENTAL 224,815 91,411 439 4,120 2,034 119,595 606 6,610
     Concrete/Brick/Stone 26,070 23,360 134 378 54 2,103 7 34
     Wood 45,209 26,653 113 650 1,128 16,381 43 241
     Half Concrete/Brick/
        Stone and Half
        Wood
29,212 19,895 68 2,245 104 6,740 26 134
     Galvanized Iron/
        Aluminum
855 467 9 89 120 164 - 6
     Bamboo/Sawali/
        Cogon/Nipa
114,595 19,328 - 665 592 92,054 245 1,711
     Asbestos 169 119 29 3 4 - - 14
     Glass 50 35 9 1 1 - - 4
     Makeshift/Salvaged/
        Improvised
        Materials
1,225 246 - 9 4 647 274 45
     Others/Not Reported 7,217 1,171 67 77 19 1,458 8 4,417
     No Walls 213 137 10 3 8 48 3 4
Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No. 591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No. 121. It was the 11thcensus of population and 5thcensus of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.


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Page last revised: September 9, 2002